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Seoul (AFP) – The US hopes to see “major disarmament” of nuclear-armed North Korea by the end of President Donald Trump’s first term in 2020, Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said Wednesday.
Speaking the day after an unprecedented summit between Trump and North Korean leader Kim Jong Un, Pompeo told reporters in Seoul negotiations on Pyongyang’s atomic arsenal could move forward quickly and would take place “most certainly in the president’s first term”.
“Major disarmament… We’re hopeful that we can achieve that in the two and half years,” he said, adding that there is “a lot of work left to do”.
At the first-ever meeting between sitting leaders of the US and North Korea on Tuesday in Singapore, Trump and Kim pledged in a joint statement to work toward the “complete denuclearisation of the Korean Peninsula”.
However this stock phrase, favoured by Pyongyang, stopped short of longstanding US demands for North Korea to give up its atomic arsenal in a “verifiable” and “irreversible” way.
When questioned on the wording of the statement, Pompeo said Wednesday that Trump’s intention was to allow the US the opportunity to pursue further productive conversations on the issue with Pyongyang.
“Let me assure you that ‘complete’ encompasses verifiable in the minds of everyone concerned. One can’t completely denuclearise without validating, authenticating,” he said.
Critics have said the encounter between Trump and Kim was more style than substance, producing a document short on details about the key issue of the North’s atomic weapons.
– Military drills –
In his post-summit press conference, Trump made the surprise announcement that the US would halt joint military exercises with its security ally Seoul — a concession Pyongyang has sought for decades.
The US stations 28,500 troops in South Korea to help protect it from its northern neighbour, which invaded in 1950 to try to reunify the peninsula by force.
The announcement appeared to take both the South Koreans — and even top officials in the Pentagon — by surprise, especially since Trump embraced Pyongyang’s rhetoric in calling the drills “provocative”.
At his press conference in the South Korean capital Pompeo defended Trump’s stance, saying the joint drills could be brought back if negotiations with the North deteriorated.
“He (Trump) made it very clear that the condition precedent for the exercises not to proceed was a productive, good faith negotiations being ongoing,” Pompeo told reporters.
Pompeo also said he anticipates the US would next speak to North Korean officials “fairly quickly after we return to our home countries”, adding that he was “very confident” that some form of engagement between the two sides would take place in the next week.
On Thursday, Pompeo will meet with South Korean Foreign Minister Kang Kyung-wha and Japan’s top envoy Taro Kono.
Tokyo has expressed some concern about the cancellation of military exercises.
On Wednesday, Japan’s Defence Minister Itsunori Onodera pointedly said the drills played a “vital role in East Asia’s security”.
Pompeo will then travel to Beijing, North Korea’s main diplomatic ally.
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