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Seoul (AFP) – When Donald Trump and Kim Jong Un sit down in Singapore next week it will be among the most improbable diplomatic summits in history, with principals who could not be more different — but who also share some surprising similarities.
Trump was the oldest US president ever to take office when he was sworn in last year, and will turn 72 two days after the meeting.
The North Korean leader is still in his mid-thirties and remains among the youngest heads of government in the world — but has already been in power for more than six years.
He has overseen a rapid advance in Pyongyang’s nuclear and ballistic missile capabilities, bringing the US mainland within the range and sending tensions soaring last year as the two men exchanged personal insults and threats of war — Trump promising “fire and fury”, and Kim describing him as a “mentally deranged US dotard”.
But recent months have seen an about-turn in their rhetoric — last-minute summit cancellations and reinstatements notwithstanding.
“I think they are going to get on well,” predicts John Delury, a professor at Yonsei University in Seoul. “The kind of counter-intuitive thing is I think they are going to listen to each other.”
Both Trump and Pyongyang are renowned for incendiary commentary, but Kim has displayed a marked tendency to listen to his counterparts in his new-found diplomatic role — until earlier this year he had not left the North since inheriting power from his father.
He had a long conversation with Chinese President Xi Jinping on a beach in Dalian, and at the first inter-Korean summit in the Demilitarized Zone that divides the peninsula, attentively heard out the South’s President Moon Jae-in as they chatted over tea in the open air for more than half an hour.
Trump too has asked questions and listened carefully to the answers on his trips to China and South Korea, Delury added.
“They are going to get in the room, they are going to ask good questions, open-ended questions. It’s not going to be Trump gets in there and says ‘Give me your nukes or else’, but as Trump says it’s a relationship, we are building a relationship, we are changing a relationship.”
“And to do that you ask probing questions, you listen, and then you come back. So that’s my optimistic view.”
– Parallel lives –
Trump reached the White House via a career in property development and reality television, followed by an unprecedentedly populist presidential campaign that upended the US political establishment
In contrast, Kim Jong Un was the chosen heir, groomed for years to take his place at the top of Pyongyang’s political pyramid, and has no need to worry about re-election or tomorrow’s media headlines –- or responding to them on Twitter.
But the two leaders share some parallels.
Both have appointed trusted family members to key positions.
Dynastic descent from the North’s founder Kim Il Sung is the basis of Kim’s personal legitimacy -– Pyongyang’s propaganda promotes the similarities between them in looks, mannerisms and even handwriting.
His sister Kim Yo Jong has emerged as one of his closest aides, acting as his envoy to the Winter Olympics in the South, spending almost the whole of the first Panmunjom summit at his side and accompanying him on his trip to Dalian.
In Washington, Trump’s daughter Ivanka is an assistant to the president and her husband Jared Kushner is a close adviser, while his son Donald Jr was part of his election campaign.
The two leaders are also uncompromising in their demands for personal loyalty.
In the month from February 28 Trump sacked or lost the services of his White House communications director Hope Hicks, chief economic adviser Gary Cohn, national security adviser HR McMaster, Secretary of State Rex Tillerson, and veterans affairs secretary David Shulkin.
The latest North Korean changes of personnel emerged at the weekend, with reports that the defence minister and chief of the general staff had been replaced, after Kim appointed a new director of the military’s General Political Bureau described as a “highly trusted” lieutenant.
– Holding the hands of history –
Kim has shown uncompromising ruthlessness — he had his uncle Jang Song Thaek executed for treason in 2013, unmistakably asserting his authority over the old generals who surrounded him, and his half-brother Kim Jong Nam was murdered at Kuala Lumpur airport last year in a killing widely blamed on Pyongyang.
But according to people who have interacted with him, Delury said, in meetings he is “really well prepared, he knows his brief, he’s got his notes but then he looks up from them, he’s not someone who’s going to just read the riot act and then stare at you blankly.”
And as well as nuclear weapons, a long hand clasp could be high on the agenda in Singapore.
Both men have shown a predilection for grasping the palms of their fellow leaders, Trump with the likes of French President Emmanuel Macron and, more awkwardly, with British prime minister Theresa May.
In turn, Kim held hands with South Korean President Moon Jae-in for several minutes at a farewell ceremony at the end of their first summit.
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